The 1st Ecovillage started
in Bangladesh at Prottasha-Julekha, Upazila - Srimongal, District
– Moulovibazar in March 2005 initially with 32 members
but later the number was 86 which is not functioning well at
present. Later the initiative taken in Southern Bengal. Gradually
the number of Ecovillage increased in the country. Presently
Bangladesh Association for Sustainable Development (BASD) is
working with 60 Ecovillages in Dacope of Khulna and Mongla of
Bagerhat but among them 25 traditional villages are transformed
partially into Ecovillages of whose community people are practicing
partly permaculture design for cultivation and following principles
of Ecovillages and permaculture.
In Dacope upazila, BASD is working at Banishanta and
Koilashgonj Unions. In Banishanta:
16 Ecovillage communities where BASD is presently working and
1) Uttar Banishanta, 2) Gora Khajuriya, 3) Arua Dhayingmari,
4) East Khejuriya, 5) North Amtola, 6) Bilpar, 7) West Khajuriya,
8) Kakrabuniya, 9) Andharmanik, 10) Shundarbon, 11) West Dhayingmari,
12) Banishanta (Dolit), 13) West Banishanta, 14) Purbo Banishanta,
15) East Amtola and 16) Ramnagor.
In Mongla, BASD is working with 9 Ecovillage communities:
1) Masmara, 2) Shelabuniya Morshed Sharok, 3) Shelabuniya Afseruddin
Sharok, 4) Kamerdanga, 5) Galachipa Burirdanga, 6) South Kainmari,
7) North Kainmari, 8) Malgazi, 9) Klatala.
People of these areas have experienced severe cyclone Sidr in
2007 and Aila in 2009. After starting the movement, these communities
have some changes in ecological, social, economical and spiritual
aspects due to Ecovillage movement. Most of the ecovillage people
started cultivating organic vegetable. They are avoiding chemical
compost and pesticides and applying instead organic matters
such as hard compost, liquid compost, vermi compost and so on
into their land and garden. Therefore, they are getting fresh
and green vegetables, which are ensuring family food security
and increasing family food nutrition. Some of them are earning
a good amount of money by selling in the local markets. Some
are practicing mixed fish cultivation and vegetable cultivation
beside the ponds. Some are developing nurseries which ensure
green plants and trees in the villages with a healthy environment.
In a word, people of Dacope and Mongla have started ecological
friendly practices, which shows apparently Ecological Movement
in those areas.
BASD is closely working with Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
Networks (C-MAN) for promotion of Ecovillage and Permaculture
Design in different districts of the country.